What comes into your mind when you hear the word surveillance? For most of the people, the first thing that comes into the mind is security, observation and of course some intelligence research. Most people are fascinated by these aircraft and wonder how surveillance aircraft work.
How the Aircraft Advanced
Most of these surveillance aircraft are used by security agencies, such as military forces, private investigative firms and other government security agencies. The security agencies use these crafts to monitor various situations in the world. For instance, a military force would use a surveillance aircraft for air surveillance purposes, gathering of highly needed intelligence and the surveillance of a battlefield. In most instances, these surveillance aircraft have no pilot in them, but rather they are controlled from the commanding centre. Another important fact to note is that the aircraft doesn’t necessarily need a high-performance ability to undertake the intended task.
Surveillance through these aircraft has changed from time to time, focusing on the first world war by then the technology was quite a challenge. In most instances, it was very difficult for the craft to observe and rely on back the vital information to the base. This changed with the manufacture of these aircraft. The surveillance aircraft helped greatly in Germany realizing the Russian war advisement toward them. The same applied in world war 2.
The same air surveillance system was put in place but this time technology had improved by a significant inch, there was the use of light aircraft to observe the enemy’s territory. It is during this time that the British realized the importance of a Surveillance Air Craft. The British had to come up with immediate technology to save the situation at the moment, they had to away with slow flying airspeed Fleet Shandower and came up with General Aircraft fleet Shandower which was a bit faster and able to send back home the vital information that was needed by the British to fight world war 2.
As the second world war ended the same continued in the cold war. During the 1960s the spy aircraft dominated the space between the US and the Soviet Union this went on for some time before a concrete solution was found.
Types Of Surveillance Aircraft
There are different types of surveillance aircraft each designed for various services and roles. These roles include;
Maritime Patrol Crafts.
This type of surveillance mostly focuses on the protection of the nation’s air space. Traditionally these types of planes are known to be large but slow machines which are capable of flying for long hours continuously. This Maritime Patrol Aircraft possess multiple sensors this includes nimrod, Tupolev Tu95 among another sensor that is crucial for the surveillance task.
Law enforcement Aircraft.
This is known to be used by various governments to monitor their borders. Mostly are used by the US for the border patrol so as to curb illegal immigrants. Recently, technology has improved and many countries have decided to work on their surveillance aircraft. Currently, most nations use Unmanned (UAV) surveillance Aircraft.
The reasons most this Nation have invested in this kind of aircraft it is to aid them to accurately map the forest cover, enforcing of environmental laws and as well as keep track of the wild animals in the country. Unmanned surveillance (UAVs) the consist of both airship the likes of sky sentinel and aeroplanes that include Hi sentinel 80.
This another aircraft that can be modified to perform surveillance tasks both in the air and as well as on the ground. The world has generally failed when it comes to space Surveillance therefore there is the need of most nations if not all to immensely invest in Aircraft surveillance for their own security.